Chilblains are what is called a non-freezing cold problem. It is a condition that happens in the cold temperatures however it is not a freezing cold injury such as frostbite. They are an irregular reaction of the small arteries within the toes to a alteration of temperature coming from cold temperatures to warmer. Ordinarily when the foot is cold, the blood vessels close up in order to save heat. Typically when the feet are heated up those blood vessels need to open up to improve circulation to the tissues. In a chilblain the blood vessels remain closed up for a lengthier period of time and then eventually and instantly open up. This creates an inflammatory reaction that triggers a painful red-colored region on the foot. After a few days waste products accumulate in the epidermis and the colour changes to a darkish blue colour. They usually are very painful.
The best way to address a chilblain should be to not get one in the first place. You need to do this by definitely not allowing the foot to get cold using warm socks and protective footwear. If the foot does get cold, then it is vital that you give time to warm up slowing to give the blood circulation a chance to respond to that warming. It’s the too speedy warming of the epidermis which is the issue in a chilblain. If a chilblain may occur, then it really should be covered. Good warmer hosiery as well as footwear needs to be worn. Using a chilblain cream to rub them promotes the arteries and helps with getting rid of those waste materials which have built up. If the skin gets damaged, then proper dressing with antiseptics should be used and kept being used until it mends as there is a danger for an infection. It is then important to prevent any more chilblains developing in following days otherwise there exists a good possibility that this results in being a long-term issue.